Does your story have a scene of danger or horror? Is it scary enough? Do you want your readers to fear for your main character’s safety? Here’s a simple technique on how to make a scene seriously frightening:

Turn the lights off.


Darkness makes people nervous, and everything is much more frightening in the dark. Can you change the time or location of your scene so it happens in darkness? The darker,

Rayne Hall

Rayne Hall

the better. Absolute darkness is the scariest, when the protagonist sees nothing at all and has to grope their way. However, partial darkness can be spooky, too, especially with flickering lights and shadows.


Some ideas:

A windowless room

Night time

Drawn curtains

A power-cut

Fuel shortage

Energy conservation

Candles burn out

Wind blows candle

Lantern falls into abyss

Bullet shatters light-bulb

Canopy of trees blocks out the sun

New moon

Clouds veil the moon

Solar eclipse

Thick smoke


Lights turned off for love-making

Deep cave

Hiding in a dark closet

Flash-light battery dies


If the storyline permits, let the darkness increase gradually:


Dusk gives way to night

The camp-fire burns down

Clouds thicken


In the dark, humans are deprived of the sense on which they rely most: seeing. Other senses sharpen, especially hearing. Your point-of-view character suddenly hears a lot more noises. These sounds add to the scary effect. In the next lesson, we’ll explore how to make the most of sounds.


If the darkness is absolute, the point-of-view character relies on her sense of touch as she gropes her way around. Describe how the walls, the furniture, the trees feel to her fingers, and how the ground feels underfoot. Smells also become more noticeable in the dark, and you can give the reader an intense experience by mentioning a smell or two.


Darkness often brings low temperatures. Chills can increase the scare factor, so mention the cool breeze brushing your heroine’s arms, the cellar’s icy stone walls, the cold water dripping from the ceiling of the cave, the chill creeping through the thin soles of her shoes.


This technique suits almost any story, whether you want to send mild shivers across the skin of the paranormal romance reader,  chill the thriller reader’s bones, or make the horror fan’s heart thump.




Does your work-in-progress contain a frightening scene? Could you make it scarier by darkening the setting?  If you want feedback for an idea or have questions, leave a comment and I’ll reply. I’ll be around for a week and I enjoy answering questions.


To learn more about Rayne Hall and where to buy her publications, please visit Meet the Contributors. 

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